Category Archives: Right-Bank

Structure located on the right bank of the river Scheldt. They feature defensive capabilities to withstand a siege by a field army.

Het Steen

Het Steen
Het Steen

Description – Het Steen (the Stone) is the oldest fortress of Antwerp. Oldest archeological evidence indicate the stone walls were built around 982 but the castle itself dates from later dates. During the Middle Ages it remained a seat of power for the Dukes of Brabant. From 1303 onwards it was used as a prison. The fortress had several towers and in the middle the Saint Walburgis church was located. To the east ship could moor at the Werf quay zone. It lost this status during Dutch rule in the first half of the 19th century. Het Steen is the only remain part of the larger fortress that was demolished in 1880 to pave the way for port expansion. For some time it served as a museum.

Construction & Armament – It was constructed by order of Emperor Otto II of Germany (Holy Roman Empire) because the river Scheldt became a border zone of after the split of the empire of Charlemange in 843 (Treaty of Verdun). Together with Ename and Dendermonde it received a fortified castle/town. Archeological evidence prove that there were earlier settlements south of Antwerp dating back to the Vikings. During the reign of Charles V the fortress was refitted. On the castle towers the flag of the duchy of Brabant still flies.

Armament – Medieval Castle

  • Medieval

Current condition – Large parts of the former fortress were demolished in 1880 because port expansion demanded straightening of the existing quays. The Walburgis church was torn down and most of the walls were destroyed as well.  The remaining buildings were henceforth referrer to as Het Steen. It can be visited free of charge.

Sources – Own elaboration;

Scheldt Battery South

Description – The Scheldt Battery South was part of the Veiligheidsomwalling. It is unique redoubt located between  Redoubt XVIII to the east and  the river Scheldt the west. Fort VIII Hoboken is found to the north but was not included in the defensive positions. The battery served as the redoubt equivalent of coastal defenses as its counterpart in the north.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to have an unique design with elements of the standard redoubts featuring artillery. It is an asymmetrical structure with two cupolas built in front. It had only one flank with 75mm guns installed. A similar design would be applied to the northern Scheldt battery.

Armament – Scheldt Battery

  • 2x 75mm fortress gun
  • ?x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – This battery was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914 but it is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. It was demolished and converted into an industrial storage site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XVIII

Description – Redoubt XVIII of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VII and Redoubt XVII to the east and  the southern river Scheldt battery to the west. Fort VIII Hoboken is found to the north but was not included in the defensive positions.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XVIII was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. The redoubt still exists but is located on an industrial storage site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XVII

Description – Redoubt XVII of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VII and Redoubt XVI to the east and  Redoubt XVIII to the west. Fort VIII Hoboken is found to the north but was not included in the defensive positions.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XVII was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. The redoubt still exists and can be visited free of charge and is a reasonable condition.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XVI

Redoubt XVI
Redoubt XVI

Description – Redoubt XVI of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VII and Redoubt XV to the east and  Redoubt XVII to the west. Fort VIII Hoboken is found to the west but was not included in the defensive positions.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XVI was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. The redoubt still exists and can be visited free of charge. Based on the damage to the front cupola building it is likely that the garrison destroyed it when they evacuated. It is in quite reasonable condition, some graffiti present. The moat is still present although a bit overgrown. It serves as a playground for children who use the bumpy terrain as a mountain bike course. The site can be accessed by the Moerelei but is difficult to reach by car.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XV

Redoubt XV
Redoubt XV

Description – Redoubt XV of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VII and Redoubt IV to the east and  Redoubt XVI to the west. Fort VIII Hoboken is found to the west but was not included in the defensive positions.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XIV was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. In 1984 it was converted into a restaurant by L. Van Laere. The redoubt was demolished in 2005 (?) although it was considered to be a heritage site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XIV

Redoubt XIV
Redoubt XIV


Description –
Redoubt XIV of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VII to the east and  Redoubt XV to the west. Fort VIII Hoboken is found to the west but was not included in the defensive positions.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XIV was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. No traces of the redoubt were found on the former site since it has been converted to an industrial zone.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XIII

Description – Redoubt XIII of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VI to the east and  Fort VII to the west. Redoubt XII was constructed a little more to the east.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XI was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. No traces of the redoubt were found on the former site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XII

Description – Redoubt XII of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between  Fort VI to the east and  Fort VII to the west. Redoubt XIII was constructed a little more to the west.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XII was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. No remains of the redoubt can be found today but its location can be determined by aerial photographs.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Redoubt XI

Description – Redoubt XI of the Veiligheidsomwalling is a small redoubt located between Fort V Edegem to the east and Fort VI Wilrijkto the west. Redoubt Xwas constructed a little more to the east.

Construction & Armament – This concrete redoubt was constructed between 1910 and 1912. It is considered to be standard redoubt featuring artillery and secured the interval between two adjacent forts. The redoubt featured a wet moat but has only one floor. It is smaller than the design of the Hoofdweerstandstelling redoubt. One cupola was built in front of the redoubt: it had one 75mm gun installed. Two 75mm guns secured the intervals.

Armament – Veiligheidsomwalling Redoubt

  • 3x 75mm fortress gun

Current condition – Redoubt XI was completed when the Great War broke out in 1914. It is not known if it participated in any defensive actions. No traces of the redoubt were found on the former site and the a housing block has been built on this site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.