Category Archives: Monumental

Some gates have a monumental design that signifies the importance of the Belgian state and the army. They are considered to be fine examples of architectural art.

Saint Michiel Gate

Description – The Saint Michiel gate (Saint Michael’s Gate) was named after the quarters of Saint Michiel located close to the former Antwerp citadel. It was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the southeast. The gate was part of the front 11-12. The Scheldt river is found east and the gate of Saint Bernard is located to the west. Close to this gate remnats of an earlier fort were incorporated into the Grote Omwalling.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Spoorweg gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces as the southern ringway/motorway junction was built on this site. It is not established if this gate was used during peace time.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Saint Bernard Gate

Description – The gate of Saint Bernard was named for the Saint Bernard road that connected Antwerp with Hemiksem. It was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the southeast. The gate was part of the front 11-12. To the east one finds the Saint Michiels Gate and the Spoorweg gate to the west.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Saint Bernard gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces as the southern ringway/motorway junction was built on this site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Spoorweg Gate

Description – The Spoorweg gate was named after the nearby railway connection between Brussels and the Antwerp South trainstation. It was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the southeast. The gate was part of the front 10-11. It should not be confused with the Spoorbaan gate of Berchem.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Spoorweg gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces as the southern ringway/motorway junction was built on this site.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Boom Gate

Description – The gate of Boom was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the south and was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and Kiel. It was named for the main road to Boom. The gate was part of the front 11-12 built after the citadel of Antwerp was decommissioned. The Kiel gate is located more to the east while the Spoorweg gate is located west.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Boom gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces as the southern highway junction was built.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Kiel Gate

Description – The Kiel gate was named after the nearby community of Kiel (south of Antwerp). It was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the south and was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and Kiel. The gate was part of the front 10-11 and was linked to barracks together with the Saint Laureins gate located a bit more east. It was the last gate built before the new front 11-12 was erected following the demolition of the Antwerp Citadel commenced in 1870.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Kiel gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces. Part of the moat is still present since the site was used for the world exhibition of 1930.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Saint Laureins Gate

Description – The gate of Saint Laureins (Lawrence) was named after the nearby community. It was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the south and was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Berchem) and Wilrijk/Kiel. The gate was part of the front 10-11 and was linked to barracks together with the Kiel gate located a bit more west.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Saint Laureins gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces. Part of the moat is still present since the site was used for the world exhibition of 1930 (Kiel).

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Wilrijk Gate

Description – The gate of Wilrijk was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the south. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Berchem) and Middelheim (Den Brandt). The gate was part of the front 9-10 and was linked to barracks together with the Edegem gate located a bit more west.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Wilrijk gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces since both the motorway and tunnel connecting Brussels were constructed on the site. Some contours of the now filled moat can still be discovered if one takes a look at the layout of the nearby roads.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Edegem Gate

Description – The gate of Edegem was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the south. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Berchem) and Middelheim. The gate was part of the front 9-10 and was linked to barracks together with the Wilrijk gate located a bit more east.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Edegem gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces since both the motorway and tunnel connecting Brussels were constructed on the site. Some contours of the now filled moat can still be discovered if one takes a look at the layout of the nearby roads.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Mechelen Gate

Description – The Mechelen gate was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the east. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Borgerhout) and to Deurne. The gate was part of the front 8-9 and was linked to barracks together with the Berchem gate located a bit more north.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Mechelen gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces but a part of the nearby fortifications can still be found on the Wolvenberg park/terrain more to the east. To the south a part of the moat still exists (Brilschans).

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Berchem Gate

Description – The Berchem gatewas part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the east. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Borgerhout) and to Deurne. The gate was part of the front 8-9 and was linked to barracks together with the Mechelen gate located a bit more south.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Berchem gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces but a part of the nearby fortifications can still be found on the Wolvenberg park/terrain. More to the south one can still distinguish part of the moat at Brilschans park.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;