Category Archives: Gate

A gate is a fortified access corridor that is part of a defensive position.

Spoorbaan Gate

Description – The Spoorbaan Gate is named for the nearby railway connecting Antwerp with Mechelen and Brussels. It was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. The gate was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Berchem) and to Borsbeek/Mortsel. This gate was part of the front 7-8 and was linked to barracks together with the Borsbeek gate located a bit more north. It should not be confused with the Spoorweg Gate which is located closer to the Scheldt river east.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants. It is possible that the design of the gate was altered a bit since the railway access was located nearby.

Current condition – Most remnants of the Spoorbaan gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces. When the former postal distribution facility of Antwerpen X was demolished remants of the Spoorbaan gate were discovered. An ad hoc archeological survey was conducted but surviving brick work were torn down.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Borsbeek Gate

Description – The gate of Borsbeek was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Zurenborg) and a mean road to Borsbeek/Mortsel. The gate was part of the front 7-8 and was linked to barracks together with the “Spoorbaan” gate located a bit more south.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Borsbeek gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces. Since some debris have been found on the site of the former Antwerp X postal distribution center traces might still exist.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Louise Gate

Description – The Louise/Louisa Gate was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Borgerhout/Zurenborg) and to Deurne named for the Queen consorts of the Belgians Louise of Orléans. The gate was part of the front 6-7 and was linked to barracks together with the gate of Leopold gate located a bit more north.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Louise gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Leopold Gate

Description – The gate of Leopold was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Borgerhout) and to Deurne. The gate was part of the front 6-7 and was linked to barracks together with the Louisa gate located a bit more south.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Leopold gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Herentals Gate

Description – The Herentals gate was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and the road to Turnhout/Herentals. The gate was part of the front 5-6 and was linked to barracks together with the Turnhout gate.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Herentals gate have been demolished in 1931. Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces. Some debris was recovered in 2005 and one big stone is still on display.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ; Vanbosch, K.

Turnhout Gate

Description – The Turnhout gate was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and the road to Turnhout/Herentals. The gate was part of the front 5-6 and was linked to barracks together with the Herentals gate.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Turnhout gate have been demolished in 1931. Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces. Some debris was recovered in 2005 and one big stone is still on display.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ; Vanbosch, K.

Schijn Gate

Description – The Schijn  gate was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) up north-west. It was a non-monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and the road to Deurne. It was named for the river Schijn.

Construction & Armament – This non-monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants. It was located on front 4.

Current condition – All traces of the Schijn Gate gate have been demolished in the wake of city expansion. A nearby metro/underground station still bears the same name. The original access road is covered by the Schijnpoortweg

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Breda Gate

Description – The gate of Breda was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) up north. It was a non-monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and the road to Merksem and Breda. Close to the gate the Capine Canal (and later the Albert Canal) entered the port and city of Antwerp.

Construction & Armament – This non-monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All traces of the Breda gate has been demolished when the port of Antwerp expanded to the north. The access to the Asia and Capine dock was filled with eart (currently IJzerlaan).

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Ekeren Gate

Description – The gate of Ekeren was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) up north. It was a non-monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp and the road to Ekeren.

Construction & Armament – This non-monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All traces of the Ekeren gate has been demolished when the port of Antwerp expanded to the north.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.