Tag Archives: Deurne

Lunet Deurne

Description – The Lunet of Deurne was part of the first line of defensive structures protecting the city of Antwerp after 1851. It was built on a strategic location but was not part of a genuine defensive circle. Sometimes referred to as Lunet 2-3 because its location was between the smaller forts 2 (Deurne) and fort 3 more to the south. Locals referred to it as “halve maan” (half moon) because of its shape.

Construction & Armament – The lunet was built in 1851 featuring earth works (palisades) and it has a triangular shape. It had a wet moat surrounding the ramparts.

Armament –

  • ?x Cannon

Current condition – In 1858 the small forts surrounding forts were completed. By that time it became clear that they could not defend Antwerp and tensions rose because they could be used to bombard the city. Their location made it impossible to include them in future defensive positions so they were declassified or absorbed in the Grote Omwalling.  Lunet 2-3 located at Deurne continued to exist and a military butchery was installed on the site. Several buildings were erected. The lunet was demolished and a laboratory and research facility was built on its premises.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Fort 2 Deurne

Description – The fort of Deurne was part of the first line of forts protecting the city of Antwerp designed by Brialmont. It is a so called Keller fort but should not be confused with the later forts located more to the east and to the south. It was built on a strategic location but was not part of a genuine defensive circle.

Construction & Armament – The fort was built in 1851 featuring earth works (pallisades). Later a brick main building was added roughly the shape of a horse shoe. Initially these forts did not have a saillant towards the city. When later upgrades were added it became a genuine fort. This raised tensions with the city of Antwerp who feared possible bombardments. Fort 2 Deurne had a five pointed star shape. It featured a wet moat.

Armament –

  • ?x Cannon

Current condition – In 1858 these small forts were completed but by that time it became clear that they could not defend the city of Antwerp. Their location made it impossible to include them in future defensive positions so they were declassified or absorbed in the Grote Omwalling.  Parts of the fort (2) of Deurne still exist today. It is the only remnant of the first generation of forts and has been converted to a sports center (Arena hal Deurne).

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R.

Lunet 4-5

Description – Lunet 4-5 was located near front 4-5 hence its name. Close to Deurne it secured the access to Antwerp (Turnhoutsepoort) to the southeast.

Construction & Armament – This lunet consisted out of earth works and had no builings.

Current condition – Although the lunet itself has disappeard it can still be identified on satellite images. It is located between the Ten Eekhovelei road and the ringfietspad bicycle road.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Louise Gate

Description – The Louise/Louisa Gate was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Borgerhout/Zurenborg) and to Deurne named for the Queen consorts of the Belgians Louise of Orléans. The gate was part of the front 6-7 and was linked to barracks together with the gate of Leopold gate located a bit more north.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Louise gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;

Leopold Gate

Description – The gate of Leopold was part of the Grote Omwalling (city defensive wall) to the west. It was a monumental gate that offered acces to Antwerp (Borgerhout) and to Deurne. The gate was part of the front 6-7 and was linked to barracks together with the Louisa gate located a bit more south.

Construction & Armament – This monumental gate was built using bricks and earth works. The Grote Omwalling entails two defensive moats and intervals called saillants.

Current condition – All remnants of the Leopold gate have been demolished in 1931 (?). Later the construction of the Antwerp ring road erased most traces.

Sources – Own elaboration; Gils, R. ;